Some benchmarking tools (such as Industry Canada’s Financial Performance Data tool) use income before taxes to calculate a profit margin. A change in the net profit margin can prompt you to look at other elements of the income statement to see how they may have contributed, such as material costs or operating expenses. Among these measures of efficiency are the profit margins such as gross margin, operating margin, and after-tax profit margin.

  • Additionally, it’s important to review your own business’s year-to-year profit margins to ensure that you are on solid financial footing.
  • Since net income has increased more, it could mean that your business is able to better control its costs.
  • High-end luxury goods, by comparison, may have low sales volume, but high profits per unit sold.

Using profit margin is an easy way to compare your business with others in your industry. This financial measure communicates how much income a company is earning per dollar of sales. For this reason, it is important for investors to compare a company’s after-tax profit margin only with other companies in its industry rather than with companies in general. The net profit margin measures the profits of a business as a percentage of total revenue. Along with other metrics, the net margin is used to make data-based decisions about how effectively a company uses its revenue. Each industry has different profit margins, so it is important to consider all possible factors when evaluating the net margins of different companies.

How is Profit After Tax calculated? Explain with example

It measures the amount of net profit a company obtains per dollar of revenue gained. The net profit margin is equal to net profit (also known as net income) divided by total revenue, expressed as a percentage. The net profit of a company is often the first point of reference when considering it as an investment option or under a loan application.

When calculating the net profit margin ratio, analysts commonly compare the figure to different companies to determine which business performs the best. Net profit margin is a strong indicator of a firm’s overall success and is usually stated as a percentage. However, keep in mind that a single number in a company report is rarely adequate to point out overall company performance.

While this is common practice, the net profit margin ratio can greatly differ between companies in different industries. For example, companies in the automotive industry may report a high profit margin ratio but lower revenue as compared to a company in the food industry. A company in the food industry may show a lower profit margin ratio, but higher revenue. The net profit margin ratio is used to describe a company’s ability to produce profit and to consider several scenarios, such as an increase in expenses which is deemed ineffective.

“We usually look at the net profit margin over the last three to five years to see how the company is doing and where it’s headed, as part of a review of a number of financial metrics,” Jaillet says. To find profit margin, divide gross income by a company’s revenue then multiply the result by 100 to make it a percentage. Operating profit takes into account both the cost of goods sold and operating expenses such as selling, general and administrative costs (otherwise known as SG&A). Profit is the money earned by a business when its total revenue exceeds its total expenses. Naturally, the two profits margin should have a higher figure than the after-tax profit margin.

Profit Margin FAQs

Your profit margin will be found in Column D. You’ll have to input the formula, though, (C2/A2) x 100. Our partners cannot pay us to guarantee favorable reviews of their products or services. For example, the average net margin in the aerospace and defense sector was recently calculated at 4.05%, while the average for the pharmaceutical drugs sector was 18.35%. So an aerospace company with a net margin of 5% is doing well relative to its category, while a drug maker with a 15% margin is performing relatively poorly.

Example of net profit margin over time

Before you can calculate your operating profit margin, you first need to calculate your operating income. And before you can calculate your operating income, you must calculate your gross profit. In our example above, the gross profit for your fireworks business is $450,000, or revenue ($750,000) minus cost of goods sold ($300,000). The after-tax profit margin refers to the revenue and financial performance of a company after the net income has been divided from the net sales. The after-tax profit margin measures how effectively a company controls its cost, this profit margin shows how much revenue a company has left after its net income is divided by its net sales. If the after-tax profit margin of a company is high, it indicates that the company is effective in managing.


A high gross profit margin means you have more money available to run your business. A high net profit margin means you have more money available to distribute to owners or shareholders in the business. For example, corporations in Pennsylvania pay a top marginal income tax rate to their state of 8.99%, while those in neighboring West Virginia, pay a top marginal rate of 6.50%, according to the Tax Foundation.

A company with a higher profit margin than competitors is usually more efficient, flexible and able to take on new opportunities. “The higher your net profit margin, the more money you put in your pocket,” says Nadine Jaillet, a Senior Account Manager at BDC. A financial professional will offer guidance based on the information provided and offer a no-obligation call to better understand your situation. This means that the business earned $0.67 net income for every $1 of net revenue. If the business doesn’t have any of these deductions, the net revenue should be equal to the gross revenue. Net revenue is the figure we arrive at after deducting returns, allowances, and discounts from the gross revenue.

This means that it was able to generate $0.50 net income for every $1 of net revenue. This is because the net revenue represents how much revenue the business truly earned for a certain period. Net income is the main source of dividends that a business distributes to its shareholders.

What’s more, our complete suite of business services, from Worry-Free Compliance Service to our ZenBusiness Money App, can help your company stay on track. Net income is also called the bottom line for a company as it appears at the end of the income statement. When someone refers to profit margin, they are usually talking about the bottom line, or net profit margin. While net profit margin is important, there are three other kinds of profit margin that can also give you insights into the health of your business.

The gross margin only considers the cost of sales, while the operating margin only considers the cost of sales and operating expenses. Net income is the profit that a business after deducting all expenses (including taxes) from the revenue. Do note that the after-tax profit margin alone isn’t enough to provide an exact measure of a business’s financial well-being.